Immigration

12542.

Bowery, (Atlantic Garden) N.Y. The Atlantic Garden was a beer garden and music hall established by William Kramer in 1858 at what is now 50 Bowery, next to the Bowery Theatre (built in 1826) and on the site of the Bull’s Head Tavern, formerly headquarters for New York’s cattle market, and the New York Hotel. The premises extended west to a secondary frontage on Elizabeth Street. The Bowery Theatre was built as a fashionable theater, but by the 1850s it came to cater to immigrant groups; the Germans especially patronized Atlantic Garden, which featured a theater behind the beer hall, where the new entertainment of “variety” acts were presented along with popular music concerts. In 1910, following the neighborhood’s changing dynamic, Atlantic Garden switched to presenting Yiddish theatre. In 2013 structures on the site were razed to make way for a high-rise hotel.

12727.

Views of Staten Island. No. 6. Quarantine Landing, Tompkinsville. 1799 saw the creation of a quarantine station for immigrants with yellow fever and smallpox. It was authorized to move from Bedloe (now Liberty) Island to Tompkinsville. Elizabeth Bayley Seton, the first American Roman Catholic Saint, assists her father, the New York City Health Officer, Dr. Richard Bayley. On September 1, 1858, fearing the spread of contagious disease a mob of Staten Islanders burn the Quarantine Hospital in Tompkinsville. The hospital served immigrants to the US who were thought to be too ill to enter the country. In 1870, Swinburne Island, a man-made island off of South Beach, is constructed as a Quarantine hospital for immigrants arriving in America with contagious diseases. It replaces the quarantine ships which had housed the sick immigrants since the burning of the Tompkinsville Quarantine Station in 1858. Originally named Dix Island, after a former New York Governor, the name was soon changed to Swinburne after the Civil War hero and surgeon who headed the development of the Island: John S. Swinburne. In 1873, Hoffman Island, a second man-made Quarantine Island, is completed off the shore of South Beach. Conditions on both quarantine islands were often overcrowded and unsanitary. In 1901 7,801 people were detained on Hoffman Island. Use of the hospitals declined until they were finally closed in the 1920s. From 1931 to 1937 the island was used as a bird quarantine station for imported parrots. The island is named for John T. Hoffman, a former New York City Mayor and New York State Governor.

20107.

N.Y.C. Unit-A Chinatown Street.

20108.

9893-“How the other half lives” in a crowded Hebrew district, Lower East Side, NY.

20157.

453a. A Load of Emigrants.

20159.

466a. Scene in New York.

20160.

452a. Fortune Telling Birds.

20161.

464a. A New York Street Organ.

20223.

50. Americans of Tomorrow–immigrants on deck of S.S. Amerika, New York.

20224.

Untitled view on the Lower East Side of NY.

20242.

V26109. Immigrants Just Arrived Awaiting Examination, Ellis Island, New York.

20243.

29443. Street Peddler’s Carts on Elizabeth Street, New York.

20244.

6188. The “East Side,” New York.

20245.

11722. Life on the Lower East Side, cor. Pitt and Rivington Streets, North, NY.

20246.

V26428. Children at the Christmas Tree, Ellis Island, New York Harbor.

20247.

16752. The Gateway of America-Immigrants Landing from Barge at Ellis Island, NY.

20248.

V23429. Admitted Immigrants Leaving Ellis Island for the City Ferryboat, New York.

20250.

11164. U.S. Inspectors examining eyes of Immigrants, Ellis Island, New York Harbor.

20251.

5288. Immigrants just arrived, awaiting examination, Ellis Island, New York Harbor.

20252.

5313. Street Peddlers’ carts on Elizabeth Street-looking North from Hester Street, New York City.

20253.

11163. Where millions enter America, Immigrant Station, Ellis Island, New York.

20272.

483a. Ice Cream.

20273.

463a. Peddling Ties on the Bowery, NY.

20274.

482a. Scene in NY Slums.

20275.

465a. Candy-man.

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